The paper demonstrates how variables work together in the urban solid waste management (USWM) system.
These variables include population, city income, public participation, composting and recycling, and greenhouse gas emissions.
System dynamics modelling is the method used for the study.
Tinio, Rollon, and Moya. (2019). Synergy in the Urban Solid Waste Management System in Malolos City, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Science 148 (1); 73-97.